GMD to XAF

GMD - Gambian Dalasi (D)
XAF - Central African CFA Franc (FCFA)
1 GMD1 XAF

Currency conversion rates from GMD to XAF

GMDXAF
1 GMD1 XAF
5 GMD5 XAF
10 GMD10 XAF
20 GMD20 XAF
50 GMD50 XAF
100 GMD100 XAF
250 GMD250 XAF
500 GMD500 XAF
1000 GMD1000 XAF
2000 GMD2000 XAF
5000 GMD5000 XAF
10000 GMD10000 XAF
XAFGMD
1 XAF1 GMD
5 XAF5 GMD
10 XAF10 GMD
20 XAF20 GMD
50 XAF50 GMD
100 XAF100 GMD
250 XAF250 GMD
500 XAF500 GMD
1000 XAF1000 GMD
2000 XAF2000 GMD
5000 XAF5000 GMD
10000 XAF10000 GMD

GMD - Gambian Dalasi (GMD)

Gambian Dalasi

The Gambian Dalasi is the official currency for Gambia, a country in West Africa. It is the smallest country in Africa, surrounded by Senegal, except for a short coastline on the Atlantic Ocean. The Gambia River, the nation's namesake, flows through the country's centre and before emptying into the Atlantic Ocean. The country has an area of almost 10,500 km² with an estimated population of 1,700,000.

The Gambian Dalasi is the currency in Gambia (GM, GMB). The Gambian Dalasi is also known as Dalasis. The symbol for GMD can be written D. The Gambian Dalasi is divided into 100 butut. The exchange rate for the Gambian Dalasi was last updated on May 24, 2019 from Yahoo Finance. The GMD conversion factor has 4 significant digits.

Economy

  • Gambia has a liberal market economy characterized by traditional subsistence agriculture, with an historical dependence of groundnuts (peanuts) for export earnings.
  • There is a re-export trade based on the country’s sea port, its low import duties, a minimum of administrative procedures, a fluctuating exchange rate, and lack of exchange controls.
  • Tourism has become a fast-growing sector of the economy, contributing 12% of the country's GDP according to a government web site.
  • The World Bank and the International Monetary Fund provide differing figures for GDP in 2009: USD $ 733m and $ 968m respectively.
  • Agriculture accounts for approximately 30% of gross domestic product (GDP) and employs about 70% of the workforce. Within agriculture, peanut production accounts for 6.9% of GDP, 8.3% for other crops, livestock 5.3%, 1.8% for fisheries, and forestry at 0.5%.
  • Limited production output is mainly based on agricultural products (e.g., peanut processing, bakeries, a brewery and a tannery).

History

  • The Gambian Dalasi is subdivided into 100 bututs.
  • The Dalasi was adopted in 1971. It replaced the Gambian Pound at a rate of 1 Pound = 5 Dalasi. In 1971, coins in denominations of 1, 5, 10, 25 and 50 bututs and 1 Gambian Dalasi were introduced. These coins used design elements from the previous coins denominated in shillings.
  • 1 dalasi notes were issued between 1971 and 1987. New 1 dalasi coins were introduced in 1987, modeled on the 50 pence coin of the United Kingdom.
  • Only 25 and 50 bututs and 1 dalasi coins are currently in circulation; they are of the 1998 issue which also included 1, 5 and 10 bututs coins.
  • Banknotes currently in circulation are 5, 10, 25, 50 and 100 Gambian Dalasi. Current banknotes were issued in 1996 and reprinted in 2001.

More information about GMD - Gambian Dalasi (GMD)


XAF - Central African CFA Franc (XAF)

Central African CFA Franc

The CFA Franc BEAC is pegged to the Euro at 1 Euro = 655.957 XAF. It is the currency for six independent states in central Africa: Cameroon, Central African Republic, Chad, Republic of the Congo, Equatorial Guinea and Gabon.

The Central African CFA is the currency in Cameroon (CM, CMR), Central African Republic (CF, CAF), Chad (TD, TCD), Congo (CG, COG), Equatorial Guinea (GQ, GNQ), and Gabon (GA, GAB). The Central African CFA is also known as Communaute Financiere Africaine BEAC Francs. The symbol for XAF can be written CFAF. The Central African CFA is divided into 100 centimes. The exchange rate for the Central African CFA was last updated on Today from The International Monetary Fund. The XAF conversion factor has 6 significant digits.

Economy

  • Cameroon is one of the most prosperous countries in Africa. The drop in commodity prices for its principal exports—petroleum, cocoa, coffee, and cotton—in the mid-1980s, combined with an overvalued currency and economic mismanagement, led to a decade-long recession. Real per-capita GDP fell by more than 60% from 1986 to 1994.
  • The Central African Republic (CAR) is classified as one of the world's least developed countries, with an estimated annual per capita income of $700 (2009).
  • Landlocked Chad's economic development suffers from its geographic remoteness, drought, lack of infrastructure, and political turmoil. About 85% of the population depends on agriculture, such as the herding of livestock.
  • The economy of the Republic of the Congo is a mixture of village agriculture and handicrafts, an industrial sector based largely on petroleum extraction, support services, and a government characterized by budget problems and overstaffing.
  • Equatorial Guinea‘s GDP has forestry, farming, and fishing as major components. Subsistence farming predominates. Although pre-independence Equatorial Guinea counted on cocoa production for hard currency earnings, the neglect of the rural economy under successive regimes has diminished the potential for agriculture-led growth.
  • Gabon depended on timber and manganese until oil was discovered offshore in the early 1970s. The oil sector now accounts for 50% of GDP and 80% of exports. Oil production is now declining from its peak of 370,000 barrels per day (59,000 m3/d) in 1997. The 1998 fall-off in oil prices had a negative impact on government revenues and the economy. Gabon public expenditures from the years of significant oil revenues were not spent well.

History

  • BEAC stands for Banque des Etats de l'Afrique Centrale.
  • The CFA Franc BEAC was introduced to the French colonies in Equatorial Africa in 1945, replacing the French Equatorial African Franc. The equatorial African colonies and territories using the CFA Franc BEAC were Chad, French Cameroun, French Congo, Gabon and Ubangi-Shari.
  • The currency continued in use when these colonies gained their independence. Equatorial Guinea, the only former Spanish colony in the zone, adopted the CFA Franc in 1984, replacing the Equatorial Guinean Ekwele at a rate of 1 Franc = 4 Bipkwele.
  • In 1948, coins were issued for use in all colonies (except French Cameroon) in denominations of 1 and 2 CFA Franc BEAC. This was the last minting of a 2-franc coin for nearly 50 years.
  • In 1958, 5-, 10- and 25-franc coins were minted (and used in French Cameroon). These coins bore the name of Cameroon, as well as the États de l'Afrique Equatorial.
  • In 1961, nickel 50-franc coins were introduced, followed by nickel 100-franc coins in 1966. Since 1971, 100-franc coins were issued by individual states. In 1976, cupro-nickel 500 francs coins were introduced.
  • Since 1985, coins have also been issued by individual states. That year also saw the introduction of 5-, 25-, 50- and 100-franc coins for use in Equatorial Guinea.
  • When the CFA Franc BEAC was introduced, notes issued by the Caisse Centrale de la France d'Outre-Mer ("Central Cashier of Overseas France") in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 100 and 1,000 Francs were in circulation. In 1947, a new series of notes was introduced for use in French Equatorial Africa, although the notes did not bear the name of the colonies. Notes were issued in denominations of 5, 10, 20, 50, 100 and 1,000 Francs, followed by those of 500 Francs in 1949, and 5,000 Francs in 1952.

More information about XAF - Central African CFA Franc (XAF)