ZMK to BYR

ZMK - Zambian kwacha (ZK)
BYR - Belarusian Ruble (p.)
1 ZMK1 BYR

Currency conversion rates from ZMK to BYR

ZMKBYR
1 ZMK1 BYR
5 ZMK5 BYR
10 ZMK10 BYR
20 ZMK20 BYR
50 ZMK50 BYR
100 ZMK100 BYR
250 ZMK250 BYR
500 ZMK500 BYR
1000 ZMK1000 BYR
2000 ZMK2000 BYR
5000 ZMK5000 BYR
10000 ZMK10000 BYR
BYRZMK
1 BYR1 ZMK
5 BYR5 ZMK
10 BYR10 ZMK
20 BYR20 ZMK
50 BYR50 ZMK
100 BYR100 ZMK
250 BYR250 ZMK
500 BYR500 ZMK
1000 BYR1000 ZMK
2000 BYR2000 ZMK
5000 BYR5000 ZMK
10000 BYR10000 ZMK

BYR - Belarusian Ruble (2000–2016) (p.)

Belarusian Ruble (2000–2016)

The official currency of Belarus is the Belarusian Ruble (BYR). The symbol used for the Belarusian Ruble is Br. Two ruble series editions were introduced. In 2008, the Belarusian Ruble was tied to the US Dollar rather than to the Russian Ruble, though it is not an official peg.

The Old Belarusian Ruble is the currency in Belarus (BY, BLR, Belorussia). The symbol for BYR can be written BR. The exchange rate for the Old Belarusian Ruble was last updated on May 24, 2019 from Yahoo Finance. The BYR conversion factor has 3 significant digits.

Economy

  • The Belarus economy shows a stable economic growth of 9%.
  • The main industries are radios, textiles, refrigerators, televisions, trucks, tractors, earthmovers, radios, metal cutting, motorcycles, and machine tools.
  • Agriculture accounts for 11% of the total GDP.
  • Peat is the main mineral resource; it is used for fertilizer and in the chemical industry.
  • The economy is still dependent on Russia.
  • Inflation is estimated at 10% and the unemployment rate is estimated at 8%.
  • 80% of the industry-based economy is controlled by the state.
  • The educational level in Belarus is high, and the country has a large agricultural base.
  • In 1991, companies started the privatization process; however, most of the privatization has been re-nationalized.
  • Belarus is changing from a state-run economy to a free-market system.
  • The country imports oil and gas from Russia.

History

  • The first Belarusian Ruble was introduced in 1992, because Belarus did not have a license to print Soviet Union banknotes.
  • In 2000, the second Belarusian Ruble was introduced to replace the first at a rate of 1,000 old Rubles = 1 new Ruble. Only banknotes and commemorative coins were issued.
  • Only banknotes were issued in 2000.
  • In 2009, the Central Bank of Belarus reduced the exchange rate by +/- 20%.
  • In 2011, the Central Bank of Belarus again reduced the exchange rate by +/- 56%.

More information about BYR - Belarusian Ruble (2000–2016) (p.)


ZMK - Zambian Kwacha (1968–2012) (ZMK)

Zambian Kwacha (1968–2012)

The Zambian Kwacha is the currency of Zambia, issued by the Bank of Zambia. The name Kwacha derives from the Nyanja and Bemba word for "dawn", alluding to the Zambian nationalist slogan of a "new dawn of freedom".

The Old Zambian Kwacha is the currency in Zambia (ZM, ZMB). The symbol for ZMK can be written ZK. The Old Zambian Kwacha is divided into 100 ngwee. The exchange rate for the Old Zambian Kwacha was last updated on May 24, 2019 from Yahoo Finance. The ZMK conversion factor has 4 significant digits.

Economy

  • Zambia's economy has experienced strong growth in recent years, with real GDP growth more than 6% per year since 2005.
  • Copper output has increased, thanks to copper mine privatization, higher copper prices and more foreign investment.
  • Record high copper prices and a bumper maize crop in 2010 helped Zambia rebound quickly from the world economic slowdown that began in 2008.
  • Poverty remains a significant problem in Zambia, despite its stronger economy. Almost 70% of Zambians live below the national poverty line (almost 80% in rural areas).
  • Zambia ranks among the world's poorest nations in a variety of economic and social statistics and surveys: GDP per capita, competitiveness, life expectancy, infant mortality, and so on. A high birth rate and relatively high rate of HIV/AIDS put further strain on the economy.

History

  • Zambia gained independence from Great Britain in 1964. In 1968, the Zambian Kwacha replaced the Pound at a rate of two Kwacha = 1 Pound.
  • Kenneth Kaunda was the first president of Zambia in 1964, and stayed in office until 1991. During his regime, the value of the currency was fixed at a rate of approximately 1.2 Kwacha to 1 US Dollar. Until 1991, all Zambian banknotes featured a portrait of Kaunda on the obverse side (his image was later replaced by an African fish eagle).
  • A severe economic crisis stemming from poor government oversight and overspending contributed to high inflation throughout the 1990s and 2000s. By 2006, it took 4,800 Kwacha to buy one US Dollar. The currency has more recently stabilized.

More information about ZMK - Zambian Kwacha (1968–2012) (ZMK)