- Introduction :: Seychelles
- Background:A lengthy struggle between France and Great Britain for the islands ended in 1814, when they were ceded to the latter. During colonial rule, a plantation-based economy developed that relied on imported labor, primarily from European colonies in Africa. Independence came in 1976. Single-party rule was brought to a close with a new constitution and free elections in 1993. President France-Albert RENE, who had served since 1977, was reelected in 2001, but stepped down in 2004. Vice President James Alix MICHEL took over the presidency and in 2006 was elected to a new five-year term; he was reelected in 2011 and again in 2015. In 2016, James MICHEL resigned and handed over the presidency to his Vice-President Danny FAURE.
- Geography :: Seychelles
- Location:archipelago in the Indian Ocean, northeast of MadagascarGeographic coordinates:4 35 S, 55 40 EMap references:AfricaArea:total: 455 sq kmland: 455 sq kmwater: 0 sq kmcountry comparison to the world: 199Area - comparative:2.5 times the size of Washington, DCLand boundaries:0 kmCoastline:491 kmMaritime claims:territorial sea: 12 nmexclusive economic zone: 200 nmcontiguous zone: 24 nmcontinental shelf: 200 nm or to the edge of the continental marginClimate:tropical marine; humid; cooler season during southeast monsoon (late May to September); warmer season during northwest monsoon (March to May)Terrain:Mahe Group is volcanic with a narrow coastal strip and rocky, hilly interior; others are coral, flat, elevated reefsElevation:lowest point: Indian Ocean 0 mhighest point: Morne Seychellois 905 mNatural resources:fish, coconuts (copra), cinnamon treesLand use:agricultural land: 6.5% (2011 est.)arable land: 2.2% (2011 est.) / permanent crops: 4.3% (2011 est.) / permanent pasture: 0% (2011 est.)forest: 88.5% (2011 est.)other: 5% (2011 est.)Irrigated land:3 sq km (2012)Population distribution:more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islandsNatural hazards:lies outside the cyclone belt, so severe storms are rare; occasional short droughtsEnvironment - current issues:water supply depends on catchments to collect rainwater; water pollution; biodiversity maintainanceEnvironment - international agreements:party to: Biodiversity, Climate Change, Climate Change-Kyoto Protocol, Desertification, Endangered Species, Hazardous Wastes, Law of the Sea, Marine Dumping, Ozone Layer Protection, Ship Pollution, Wetlandssigned, but not ratified: none of the selected agreementsGeography - note:the smallest African country; the constitution of the Republic of Seychelles lists 155 islands: 42 granitic and 113 coralline; by far the largest island is Mahe, which is home to about 90% of the population and the site of the capital city of Victoria
- People and Society :: Seychelles
- Population:94,633 (July 2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 198Nationality:noun: Seychellois (singular and plural)adjective: SeychelloisEthnic groups:predominantly creole (mainly of East African and Malagasy heritage); also French, Indian, Chinese, and Arab populationsLanguages:Seychellois Creole (official) 89.1%, English (official) 5.1%, French (official) 0.7%, other 3.8%, unspecified 1.4% (2010 est.)Religions:Roman Catholic 76.2%, Protestant 10.5% (Anglican 6.1%, Pentecostal Assembly 1.5%, Seventh Day Adventist 1.2%, other Protestant 1.7), other Christian 2.4%, Hindu 2.4%, Muslim 1.6%, other non-Christian 1.1%, unspecified 4.8%, none 0.9% (2010 est.)Demographic profile:
Seychelles has no indigenous population and was first permanently settled by a small group of French planters, African slaves, and South Indians in 1770. Seychelles’ modern population is composed of the descendants of French and later British settlers, Africans, and Indian, Chinese, and Middle Eastern traders and is concentrated on three of its 155 islands – the vast majority on Mahe and lesser numbers on Praslin and La Digue. Seychelles’ population grew rapidly during the second half of the 20th century, largely due to natural increase, but the pace has slowed because of fertility decline. The total fertility rate dropped sharply from 4.0 children per woman in 1980 to 1.9 in 2015, mainly as a result of a family planning program, free education and health care, and increased female labor force participation. Life expectancy has increased steadily, but women on average live 9 years longer than men, a difference that is higher than that typical of developed countries.
The combination of reduced fertility and increased longevity has resulted in an aging population, which will put pressure on the government’s provision of pensions and health care. Seychelles’ sustained investment in social welfare services, such as free primary health care and education up to the post-secondary level, have enabled the country to achieve a high human development index score – among the highest in Africa. Despite some of its health and education indicators being nearly on par with Western countries, Seychelles has a high level of income inequality.
An increasing number of migrant workers – mainly young men – have been coming to Seychelles in recent years to work in the construction and tourism industries. As of 2011, foreign workers made up nearly a quarter of the workforce. Indians are the largest non-Seychellois population – representing half of the country’s foreigners – followed by Malagasy.Age structure:0-14 years: 19.52% (male 9,482 /female 8,989)15-24 years: 12.96% (male 6,461 /female 5,806)25-54 years: 49.29% (male 24,841 /female 21,800)55-64 years: 10.44% (male 5,008 /female 4,870)65 years and over: 7.79% (male 2,974 /female 4,402) (2018 est.)Dependency ratios:total dependency ratio: 42.8 (2015 est.)youth dependency ratio: 31 (2015 est.)elderly dependency ratio: 11.7 (2015 est.)potential support ratio: 8.5 (2015 est.)Median age:total: 35.8 yearsmale: 35.3 yearsfemale: 36.5 years (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 76Population growth rate:0.74% (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 136Birth rate:13.4 births/1,000 population (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 142Death rate:7 deaths/1,000 population (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 130Net migration rate:1 migrant(s)/1,000 population (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 61Population distribution:more than three-quarters of the population lives on the main island of Mahe; Praslin contains less than 10%; a smaller percent on La Digue and the outer islandsUrbanization:urban population: 56.7% of total population (2018)rate of urbanization: 1.26% annual rate of change (2015-20 est.)Major urban areas - population:28,000 VICTORIA (capital) (2018)Sex ratio:at birth: 1.03 male(s)/female0-14 years: 1.05 male(s)/female15-24 years: 1.11 male(s)/female25-54 years: 1.14 male(s)/female55-64 years: 1.03 male(s)/female65 years and over: 0.68 male(s)/femaletotal population: 1.06 male(s)/female (2018 est.)Infant mortality rate:total: 9.7 deaths/1,000 live birthsmale: 12.1 deaths/1,000 live birthsfemale: 7.2 deaths/1,000 live births (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 136Life expectancy at birth:total population: 75.2 yearsmale: 70.7 yearsfemale: 79.8 years (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 111Total fertility rate:1.85 children born/woman (2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 144Health expenditures:3.4% of GDP (2014)country comparison to the world: 176Physicians density:0.95 physicians/1,000 population (2016)Hospital bed density:3.6 beds/1,000 population (2011)Drinking water source:improved: urban: 95.7% of populationrural: 95.7% of populationtotal: 95.7% of populationunimproved: urban: 4.3% of populationrural: 4.3% of populationtotal: 4.3% of population (2015 est.)Sanitation facility access:improved: urban: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)rural: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)total: 98.4% of population (2015 est.)unimproved: urban: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)rural: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)total: 1.6% of population (2015 est.)HIV/AIDS - adult prevalence rate:NAHIV/AIDS - people living with HIV/AIDS:NAHIV/AIDS - deaths:NAObesity - adult prevalence rate:14% (2016)country comparison to the world: 130Children under the age of 5 years underweight:3.6% (2012)country comparison to the world: 91Education expenditures:4.4% of GDP (2016)country comparison to the world: 93Literacy:definition: age 15 and over can read and write (2012 est.)total population: 91.8%male: 91.4%female: 92.3% (2012 est.)School life expectancy (primary to tertiary education):total: 16 yearsmale: 15 yearsfemale: 16 years (2016)Unemployment, youth ages 15-24:total: 10.9%male: 10.5%female: 11.4% (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 120
- Government :: Seychelles
- Country name:conventional long form: Republic of Seychellesconventional short form: Seychelleslocal long form: Republic of Seychelleslocal short form: Seychellesetymology: named by French Captain Corneille Nicholas MORPHEY after Jean Moreau de SECHELLES, the finance minister of France, in 1756Government type:presidential republicCapital:name: Victoriageographic coordinates: 4 37 S, 55 27 Etime difference: UTC+4 (9 hours ahead of Washington, DC, during Standard Time)Administrative divisions:25 administrative districts; Anse aux Pins, Anse Boileau, Anse Etoile, Anse Royale, Au Cap, Baie Lazare, Baie Sainte Anne, Beau Vallon, Bel Air, Bel Ombre, Cascade, Glacis, Grand Anse Mahe, Grand Anse Praslin, Inner Islands, La Riviere Anglaise, Les Mamalles, Mont Buxton, Mont Fleuri, Plaisance, Pointe Larue, Port Glaud, Roche Caiman, Saint Louis, TakamakaIndependence:29 June 1976 (from the UK)National holiday:Constitution Day, 18 June (1993)Independence Day (National Day), 29 June (1976)Constitution:history: previous 1970, 1979; latest drafted May 1993, approved by referendum 18 June 1993, effective 23 June 1993amendments: proposed by the National Assembly; passage requires at least two-thirds majority vote by the National Assembly; passage of amendments affecting the country’s sovereignty, symbols and languages, the supremacy of the constitution, fundamental rights and freedoms, amendment procedures, and dissolution of the Assembly also requires approval by at least 60% of voters in a referendum; amended several times, last in 2017 (2017)Legal system:mixed legal system of English common law, French civil law, and customary lawInternational law organization participation:has not submitted an ICJ jurisdiction declaration; accepts ICCt jurisdictionCitizenship:citizenship by birth: nocitizenship by descent only: at least one parent must be a citizen of the Seychellesdual citizenship recognized: noresidency requirement for naturalization: 5 yearsSuffrage:18 years of age; universalExecutive branch:chief of state: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016); note - James Alix MICHEL resigned the presidency effective 16 October 2016; the president is both chief of state and head of governmenthead of government: President Danny FAURE (since 16 October 2016); Vice President Vincent MERITON (since 28 October 2016); note - James Alix MICHEL resigned the presidency effective 16 October 2016cabinet: Council of Ministers appointed by the presidentelections/appointments: president directly elected by absolute majority popular vote in 2 rounds if needed for a 5-year term (eligible for 1 additional term); election last held on 3-5 December 2015 with runoff a on 16-18 December 2015 (next to be held in December 2020)election results: President James Alix MICHEL reelected president in second round; percent of vote - James Alix MICHEL (PL) 50.2%, Wavel RAMKALAWAN (SNP) 49.8%Legislative branch:description: unicameral National Assembly or Assemblee Nationale (up to 35 seats - the Assembly elected in September 2016 has 33 members; 25 members directly elected in single-seat constituencies by simple majority vote and up to 10 members elected by proportional representation vote; members serve 5-year terms)elections: last held on 8-10 September 2016 (next to be held in 2021); note - the National Assembly was dissolved in July 2011 resulting in early electionselection results: percent of vote by party - LDS 49.6%, PL 49.2%, other 1.2%; seats by party - LDS 19, PL 14; composition - men 26, women 7, percent of women 21.2%Judicial branch:highest courts: Seychelles Court of Appeal (consists of the court president and 4 justices); Supreme Court of Seychelles (consists of the chief justice and 9 puisne judges); Constitutional Court (consists of 3 Supreme Court judges)judge selection and term of office: all judges appointed by the president of the republic upon the recommendation of the Constitutional Appointments Authority, a 3-member body, with 1 member appointed by the president of the republic, 1 by the opposition leader in the National Assembly, and 1 by the other 2 appointees; judges serve until retirement at age 70subordinate courts: Magistrates' Courts of Seychelles; Family Tribunal for issues such as domestic violence, child custody, and maintenance; Employment Tribunal for labor-related disputesPolitical parties and leaders:Lafors Demokratik Seselwa or LSD (Martin AGLAE)
People's Party (Parti Lepep) or PL [James Alix MICHEL] (formerly SPPF)
Seselwa (Seychelles) United Party or SUP [Robert ERNESTA] (formerly the New Democratic Party or NDP)
Seychelles National Party or SNP [Wavel RAMKALAWAN] (formerly the United Opposition or UO)
Seychelles Party for Social Justice and Democracy or SPSD
Seychelles Patriotic Movement or SPM [Regis FRANCOURT]
Seychelloise Alliance (Lalyans Seselwa) [Patrick PILLAY]
Seychellois Democratic Alliance (Linyon Demokratik Seselwa) or LDS [Roger MANCIENNE] (includes SNP, Seychelloise Alliance, SPSD, and SUP)International organization participation:ACP, AfDB, AOSIS, AU, C, CD, COMESA, EITI (candidate country), FAO, G-77, IAEA, IBRD, ICAO, ICC (NGOs), ICCt, ICRM, IDA, IFAD, IFC, IFRCS, ILO, IMF, IMO, InOC, Interpol, IOC, IOM, IPU, ISO (correspondent), ITU, MIGA, NAM, OIF, OPCW, SADC, UN, UNCTAD, UNESCO, UNIDO, UNWTO, UPU, WCO, WHO, WIPO, WMO, WTO (observer)Diplomatic representation in the US:chief of mission: Ambassador Ronald Jean JUMEAU (since 8 September 2017)chancery: 800 Second Avenue, Suite 400C, New York, NY 10017telephone:  (212) 972-1785FAX:  (212) 972-1786consulate(s) general: New YorkDiplomatic representation from the US:the US does not have an embassy in Seychelles; the US Ambassador to Mauritius is accredited to SeychellesFlag description:five oblique bands of blue (hoist side), yellow, red, white, and green (bottom) radiating from the bottom of the hoist side; the oblique bands are meant to symbolize a dynamic new country moving into the future; blue represents sky and sea, yellow the sun giving light and life, red the peoples' determination to work for the future in unity and love, white social justice and harmony, and green the land and natural environmentNational symbol(s):coco de mer (sea coconut); national colors: blue, yellow, red, white, greenNational anthem:name: "Koste Seselwa" (Seychellois Unite)lyrics/music: David Francois Marc ANDRE and George Charles Robert PAYET
note: adopted 1996
- Economy :: Seychelles
- Economy - overview:
Since independence in 1976, per capita output in this Indian Ocean archipelago has expanded to roughly seven times the pre-independence, near-subsistence level, moving the island into the high income group of countries. Growth has been led by the tourist sector, which directly employs about 26% of the labor force and directly and indirectly accounts for more than 55% of GDP, and by tuna fishing. In recent years, the government has encouraged foreign investment to upgrade hotels and tourism industry services. At the same time, the government has moved to reduce the dependence on tourism by promoting the development of the offshore financial, information, and communication sectors, and renewable energy.
In 2008, having depleted its foreign exchange reserves, Seychelles defaulted on interest payments due on a $230 million Eurobond, requested assistance from the IMF, and immediately enacted a number of significant structural reforms, including liberalization of the exchange rate, reform of the public sector to include layoffs, and the sale of some state assets. In December 2013, the IMF declared that Seychelles had successfully transitioned to a market-based economy with full employment and a fiscal surplus. However, state-owned enterprises still play a prominent role in the economy. Effective 1 January 2017, Seychelles was no longer eligible for trade benefits under the US African Growth and Opportunities Act after having gained developed country status. Seychelles grew at 5% in 2017 because of a strong tourism sector and low commodity prices. The Seychellois Government met the IMF’s performance criteria for 2017 but recognizes a need to make additional progress to reduce high income inequality, represented by a Gini coefficient of 46.8.
As a very small open economy dependent on tourism, Seychelles remains vulnerable to developments such as economic downturns in countries that supply tourists, natural disasters, and changes in local climatic conditions and ocean temperature. One of the main challenges facing the government is implementing strategies that will increase Seychelles' long-term resilience to climate change without weakening economic growth.GDP (purchasing power parity):$2.75 billion (2017 est.)$2.612 billion (2016 est.)$2.499 billion (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollarscountry comparison to the world: 190GDP (official exchange rate):$1.498 billion (2017 est.)GDP - real growth rate:5.3% (2017 est.)4.5% (2016 est.)4.9% (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 43GDP - per capita (PPP):$29,300 (2017 est.)$27,800 (2016 est.)$26,900 (2015 est.)
note: data are in 2017 dollarscountry comparison to the world: 70Gross national saving:8.1% of GDP (2017 est.)10.2% of GDP (2016 est.)15.2% of GDP (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 169GDP - composition, by end use:household consumption: 52.7% (2017 est.)government consumption: 34.4% (2017 est.)investment in fixed capital: 26.7% (2017 est.)investment in inventories: 0% (2017 est.)exports of goods and services: 79.4% (2017 est.)imports of goods and services: -93.2% (2017 est.)GDP - composition, by sector of origin:agriculture: 2.5% (2017 est.)industry: 13.8% (2017 est.)services: 83.7% (2017 est.)Agriculture - products:coconuts, cinnamon, vanilla, sweet potatoes, cassava (manioc, tapioca), copra, bananas; tunaIndustries:fishing, tourism, beveragesIndustrial production growth rate:2.3% (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 121Labor force:47,210 (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Labor force - by occupation:agriculture: 3%industry: 23%services: 74% (2006)Unemployment rate:3% (2017 est.)2.7% (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 37Population below poverty line:39.3% (2013 est.)Distribution of family income - Gini index:46.8 (2013 est.)country comparison to the world: 29Budget:revenues: 593.4 million (2017 est.)expenditures: 600.7 million (2017 est.)Taxes and other revenues:39.6% (of GDP) (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 44Budget surplus (+) or deficit (-):-0.5% (of GDP) (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 63Public debt:63.6% of GDP (2017 est.)69.1% of GDP (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 65Fiscal year:calendar yearInflation rate (consumer prices):2.9% (2017 est.)-1% (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 132Central bank discount rate:11.17% (31 December 2010)country comparison to the world: 17Commercial bank prime lending rate:12.24% (31 December 2017 est.)12.36% (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 67Stock of narrow money:$627.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)$556.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 165Stock of broad money:$627.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)$556.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 169Stock of domestic credit:$650.3 million (31 December 2017 est.)$565.9 million (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 173Current account balance:-$307 million (2017 est.)-$286 million (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 106Exports:$564.8 million (2017 est.)$477.6 million (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 173Exports - partners:UAE 28.5%, France 24%, UK 13.8%, Italy 8.9%, Germany 4.6% (2017)Exports - commodities:canned tuna, frozen fish, petroleum products (reexports)Imports:$1.155 billion (2017 est.)$991 million (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 179Imports - commodities:machinery and equipment, foodstuffs, petroleum products, chemicals, other manufactured goodsImports - partners:UAE 13.4%, France 9.4%, Spain 5.7%, South Africa 5% (2017)Reserves of foreign exchange and gold:$545.2 million (31 December 2017 est.)$523.5 million (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 149Debt - external:$2.559 billion (31 December 2017 est.)$2.651 billion (31 December 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 148Exchange rates:Seychelles rupees (SCR) per US dollar -13.64 (2017 est.)13.319 (2016 est.)13.319 (2015 est.)13.314 (2014 est.)12.747 (2013 est.)
- Energy :: Seychelles
- Electricity access:population without electricity: 2,795 (2012)electrification - total population: 97% (2012)electrification - urban areas: 97% (2012)electrification - rural areas: 97% (2012)Electricity - production:350 million kWh (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 175Electricity - consumption:325.5 million kWh (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Electricity - exports:0 kWh (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Electricity - imports:0 kWh (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 198Electricity - installed generating capacity:88,000 kW (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Electricity - from fossil fuels:91% of total installed capacity (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 56Electricity - from nuclear fuels:0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 181Electricity - from hydroelectric plants:0% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 199Electricity - from other renewable sources:9% of total installed capacity (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 83Crude oil - production:0 bbl/day (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 197Crude oil - exports:0 bbl/day (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 191Crude oil - imports:0 bbl/day (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Crude oil - proved reserves:0 bbl (1 January 2018 est.)country comparison to the world: 193Refined petroleum products - production:0 bbl/day (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 199Refined petroleum products - consumption:7,300 bbl/day (2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 166Refined petroleum products - exports:0 bbl/day (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 200Refined petroleum products - imports:7,225 bbl/day (2015 est.)country comparison to the world: 155Natural gas - production:0 cu m (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 194Natural gas - consumption:0 cu m (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 196Natural gas - exports:0 cu m (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 182Natural gas - imports:0 cu m (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 187Natural gas - proved reserves:0 cu m (1 January 2014 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Carbon dioxide emissions from consumption of energy:1.15 million Mt (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 165
- Communications :: Seychelles
- Telephones - fixed lines:total subscriptions: 19,652 (2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 21 (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 180Telephones - mobile cellular:total subscriptions: 167,282 (2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 178 (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 186Telephone system:general assessment: effective system; radiotelephone communications between islands in the archipelago (2017)domestic: fixed-line 21 per 100 and mobile-cellular teledensity is 178 telephones per 100 persons (2017)international: country code - 248; direct radiotelephone communications with adjacent island countries and African coastal countries; satellite earth station - 1 Intelsat (Indian Ocean); Seychelles East Africa System (SEAS) submarine cable landed in Beau Vallon, connecting the Seychelles with Tanzania (2016)Broadcast media:the government operates the only terrestrial TV station, which provides local programming and airs broadcasts from international services; multi-channel cable and satellite TV are available through 2 providers; the government operates 1 AM and 1 FM radio station; there is 1 privately operated radio station; transmissions of 2 international broadcasters are accessible in Victoria (2016)Internet country code:.scInternet users:total: 52,664 (July 2016 est.)percent of population: 56.5% (July 2016 est.)country comparison to the world: 192Broadband - fixed subscriptions:total: 15,221 (2017 est.)subscriptions per 100 inhabitants: 16 (2017 est.)country comparison to the world: 161
- Transportation :: Seychelles
- National air transport system:number of registered air carriers: 1 (2015)inventory of registered aircraft operated by air carriers: 3 (2015)annual passenger traffic on registered air carriers: 497,496 (2015)annual freight traffic on registered air carriers: 19,234,992 mt-km (2015)Civil aircraft registration country code prefix:S7 (2016)Airports:14 (2013)country comparison to the world: 150Airports - with paved runways:total: 7 (2017)2,438 to 3,047 m: 1 (2017)914 to 1,523 m: 5 (2017)under 914 m: 1 (2017)Airports - with unpaved runways:total: 7 (2013)914 to 1,523 m: 2 (2013)under 914 m: 5 (2013)Heliports:1 (2013)Roadways:total: 526 km (2015)paved: 514 km (2015)unpaved: 12 km (2015)country comparison to the world: 157Merchant marine:total: 24by type: general cargo 4, oil tanker 6, other 14 (2018)country comparison to the world: 134Ports and terminals:major seaport(s): Victoria
- Military and Security :: Seychelles
- Military expenditures:1.29% of GDP (2016)1.21% of GDP (2015)2.17% of GDP (2014)0.98% of GDP (2013)0.87% of GDP (2012)country comparison to the world: 89Military branches:Seychelles People's Defense Forces (SPDF): Army (includes infantry, Special Forces (Tazar)), Coast Guard (includes Naval Wing, Air Wing) (2015)Military service age and obligation:18 years of age for voluntary military service (younger with parental consent); no conscription (2012)
- Transnational Issues :: Seychelles
- Disputes - international:
Mauritius and Seychelles claim the Chagos Islands (UK-administered British Indian Ocean Territory)
SC - Seychelles (SYC)
Africa :: Seychelles